The Tribal Leaders of Jammu & Kashmir and the Freedom Struggle of India
Dr. Mumtaz Ahmad Numani
Tribal Leaders, Freedom struggle, government policies, culture and politics
Tribals have a rich history of their own. However, it is on record that their histories were
neglected and/or underplayed until the recent past.
More often, the state and/or government policies (particularly British) disintegrated the
tribal society, culture and politics. Thus, to protect their interest, the tribals launched
relentless rebellions and movements against the oppressors under the tribal-people leaders
who challenged the oppressive policies and the oppressors itself. Therefore, we must not
forget the gems of the tribals whose share have shaped our politics, society and culture in
past, and henceforth, continued shaping in present. In India the socio-economic tribal
movements started in the early 19th and 20th centuries. The tribals challenged the
oppressors both on socio-economic and political front. These movements are very
significant in shaping the social history of modern India.
It is in this perspective that a research question on the role and contribution of tribal people leaders of Jammu and Kashmir on the socio-economic and political awakening of
the tribal-people has been developed.