Baseline Survey of 3 blocks (Laikera, Kirimira and Jujomura) which have crossed 50% STPopulation mark in 2011 and Formulation of Perspective Plan for creation of new ITDAs.
Pramila Prava Patnaik
Integrated Tribal Development Agency ITDA Perspective Plan Basic Amenities Infrastructure Demography Socio Economic Profile Development Interventions
Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Research and Training Institute (SCSTRTI), Bhubaneswar, 751003
ITDAs as nodal Tribal Development Agency were set up during the 5th Five Year Plan. An ITDA is set up in a block or group of blocks where the ST population is more than 50% of its/their total population. Based on this criterion, 119 Blocks of Odisha are now covered in 22 ITDAs. As per 2011 census, the ST population in Kirimira Block is 22604 (52.69%) and Laikera Block is 25886 (51.78% of its total population) and both the contiguous blocks taken together constitute 52.20% ST population of their total population. Similarly, as per 2011 census,ST population in Jujumura block is 50.6% of its total population which makes them deserving to be declared as ITDA as per the TSP norm. Hence,baseline survey was undertaken in these three blocks to justify the need for formation of new ITDAs for the overall development of the ST population and preparation of Action Plan for each ITDA.
The study covered all villages (both revenue and hamlet) of Kirimira and Laikera blocks of Jharsuguda district and Jujomura block of Sambalpur district. Hundred percent tribal HHs of the said three blocks was covered through collection of door to door HH data. The study highlights the demographic profile of the area and people,Socio-Economic Profile of villages and access to basic amenities including need assessment, existing resources and infrastructure facilities etc. Taking all the indicators into consideration, the present study reveals that Jujomura block of Sambalpur district and Kirimira and Laikera blocks of Jharsuguda district are backward in all respects and there is need for all round development of the area and ST population by setting up of new ITDAs.
The study proposes for creation of a new ITDA taking Jujumura block to cover tribal development interventions for the entire ST population of the block.The proposed ITDA will cater to the development needs of as many as 44860 ST population of 10053 households from 210 villages in 18 GPs of Jujumura block in Sambalpur district. For development interventions, it will give top priority to address the difficulties of the problem villages and 6782 (67.46 %) ST BPL families.Similarly the study also justifies the need for creation of new ITDA for overall development of Kirimira and Laikera blocks and the ST population. The proposed ITDA will cater to the development needs of as many as 51,166 ST populations of 11,908 households from 134 villages in 19 GPs of Laikera and Kirimira blocks in Jharsuguda district. For development interventions, it will give top priority to address the difficulties of the problem villages and 8483 (71.24 %) ST BPL families